A Visit to La Collection Les Automobiles de S.A.S. Le Prince de Monaco

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A Visit to La Collection Les Automobiles de S.A.S. Le Prince de Monaco

During a visit to southern France in October 2023, I took a train to the Principality of Monaco for a day. One of my main objectives was to visit La Collection Les Automobiles de S.A.S. Le Prince de Monaco (The Collection of Automobiles of His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco). The collection was started by Prince Rainier III, best known as Grace Kelly’s husband, and since his death in 2005 has been overseen and added to by his son, Prince Albert II. A quote from Rainier on the Collection’s website says, “It is not an automobile museum but a personal collection of old cars from all ages and from all countries. Popular or prestigious, they marked their era and I liked them.”

Prince Rainier III began collecting old cars in the late 1950s, and he opened his collection to the public in 1993. The collection of nearly 100 cars moved into a new underground facility in the main port in 2022 and is displayed on two levels. One level is devoted to the Prince’s collection of mainly vintage cars and the other displays racing and rally cars, some of which participated in Monaco’s two famous, long-standing races, the Monaco Grand Prix [since 1929] and the Monte-Carlo Rally [since 1911]). The first vintage car Prince Rainier acquired was a 1903 Dijon-Bouton, and it’s still the oldest car in the collection.

I only saw one empty space in the collection – a Maserati Mistral was in the shop for maintenance – but the gallery of cars in the museum’s website shows several cars online that I didn’t see in the collection, and I saw a couple of cars in the building that weren’t in the photo gallery.

La Collection Automobiles de S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco

As befits a royal collection, many of the cars are in the “prestigious” category (Rolls-Royce, Packard, Mercedes, Delage, Cadillac, Jaguar, Ferrari, Lamborghini, etc) but some are models popular with the commoners. A wide variety of brands is represented in the vintage collection.

The largest number from any brand is Renault with seven examples, but most others have 1-3 types. Several cars have links to the royal family apart from being owned by the Prince, such as official limousines or cars with a connection to Princess Grace and a 1952 Austin London taxi used by the Princess to take her children on outings. (Princess Grace was killed in the crash of her Rover P6 car in 1982 after suffering a stroke while driving, also injuring her daughter Princess Stéphanie.)

There are no trucks, commercial vehicles or emergency vehicles on display, but there’s a 1942 Willys Jeep painted to match the military jeep in which Prince Rainier, who served with the Free French forces during World War II, entered Monaco after its liberation. The racing cars mainly are Formula One cars, but there are several rally cars. Most of the rally cars are from the 1980s and the Formula One cars are more recent.

La Collection Automobiles de S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco

Photos:
1) This 1927 Bugatti Type 35A at the entrance to the racing hall probably represents the Type 35Bs that won the first three years (1929-1931) of the Monaco Grand Prix (I didn’t see any information about this particular car).

2) 1928 Lincoln Type L Torpedo (touring car).

3) 1954 Sunbeam Alpine: Prince Albert II bought this car in 2012 and had it restored to be identical to the one his mother, Grace Kelly, drove in the 1954 Alfred Hitchcock movie “To Catch A Thief,” filmed in Monaco. The car was unveiled on the 65th anniversary of the film. A video loop shows scenes of the original car from the movie.

4) 1936 Ford woody wagon owned by Louis II, Prince of Monaco from 1922-1949. Prince Louis was Prince Rainier III’s grandfather and predecessor as sovereign of Monaco. The Monaco Grand Prix began during his reign.

5) 1963 Ferrari 250 GT convertible by Pininfarina: Along with a 1950 Cisitalia 202 given to Rainier by the people of Monaco and a 1962 Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider, this Ferrari was part of a display of film-themed red convertibles called “The Beautiful Italians.”

6) 1963 Facel Vega Facel II coupé: The French Facel Vega company only produced its own complete cars from 1954-1964. Powered by a Chrysler engine, the company advertised the Facel II as “the fastest 4-door coupé in the world” and only made 180 of them from ’62-’64.

7) 1947 Delahaye 135 MS: This car originally was owned by a Bulgarian opera singer and was purchased by Prince Rainier after it was discovered in a garage in Monaco in 1985.

8) 1959 Renault Floride (Florida): Renault presented one of these cars to Princess Grace soon after its introduction. The impetus for the car’s design came from Renault America in Florida, hence the name, which was changed later to “Caravelle,” after the French passenger jet.

9) 1956 Imperial limousine (called a Chrysler Imperial by the museum, although Imperial became its own brand in 1955): Prince Rainier flew to New York to take delivery of this car personally, then met Grace Kelly in it at Monaco’s port upon her arrival to become his wife in April 1956. Other official limousines on display are a 1961 Cadillac Series 6700 Fleetwood and a 1956 Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud.

10) 1914 Napier T78 chauffeur coupé: Napier was an English brand known for racing and luxury cars from the early 1900s through 1924. Afterwards, Napier concentrated on aircraft engines and powered several record-setting planes and boats, including WW2 fighters. This car has a body by British coachbuilder Cunard Motor and Carriage Company, a subsidiary of Napier.

11) Lineup of most of the Formula One racing cars in the upper hall.

12) 2011 Red Bull RB7: This car is described in Wikipedia as “one of the most dominant Formula One cars ever built.” It won the World Constructors’ Championship and one of its drivers, Sebastian Vettel, was the 2011 World Drivers’ Championship winner. In 19 races in 2011, it only failed twice to place in the top five, once because of a crash and once when the car retired from a race. It won 12 first places, 11 by Vettel, who also had five second place finishes.

13) 1984 Lancia 037: The 037 had won the World Rally Championship Constructors’ title in 1983, but the 1984 car lost to 4-wheel-drive Audis. The 037 was replaced by Lancia’s own 4WD Delta S4 in 1985. Abarth, then part of Lancia-Fiat, was largely responsible for the design of the car, with Pininfarina also having a hand in it.

Learn more at A COLLECTION AUTOMOBILES DE S.A.S. LE PRINCE DE MONACO

Images via Dick Williams

Written exclusively for automotivemuseumguide.com

By Dick Williams

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A Visit to the Museum of Automobiles and Fashions, Málaga, Spain

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A Visit to the Museum of Automobiles and Fashions, Málaga, Spain

Located in a medium-sized city on Spain’s Mediterranean coast, the Museo Automovilistico y de la Moda (Museum of Automobiles and Fashion) combines a large assortment of cars (about 90) with a collection of women’s fashion, both spanning most of the past century.

The museum seems like an art museum, in a building with high ceilings, a spacious interior with inner columns, and a number of works of automotive art displayed among the cars.  Many of the dresses, gowns, coats, and other items of clothing are displayed alongside cars of the same period, with many more in a separate room. Vintage luggage also is on display with some of the older cars, and some cars include mannequins in period costumes.

Some of the vehicles are grouped by decade and others are grouped by theme (designer cars, prototypes, customs, etc).  Some don’t seem to fit into any theme, but all appear to have been chosen for their historical significance as well as attractiveness or interesting features.  The collection is all private cars with no trucks or other commercial or emergency vehicles.

The largest group is from the 1930s, but all periods from the very early days of motoring through the 1980s are represented. A couple have been left purposely in original “found” condition – one of them is a Belgian Minerva (which looks much like a Model T) that served in World War I and still has bullet holes in the rear seat.  Several of the cars are unique prototypes or experimental cars, and others are probably the only surviving examples of their type. Several cars are custom creations by the museum staff and others that evoke the American hot rod and customizing scenes.

Countries represented in the collection as of my visit in October 2018 included the United States, United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Germany and Czechoslovakia, and a wide variety of manufacturers were represented. Most brands have only one or two vehicles, but several Rolls-Royces, Cadillacs, and Jaguars were present.  Quite a few cars are American; for example, the museum has a pair of cars from E.L. Cord’s company, a 1936 Auburn Model 851 and a 1937 Cord 812 Westchester Sedan. The museum seems to have more pre-World War I cars than most auto collections, including a 1903 Dijon-Bouton, a 1910 Stanley Steamer and a 1916 Milburn electric car.

Museo Automovilístico de Málaga

In keeping with the idea of automobiles as works of art, there are some artistic impressions of automotive-related items on display, and some cars have been decorated in unusual ways.  Several separately-displayed motors are painted and decorated as objects of art. Swarovski crystals are widely used in the custom creations – adorning everything from a 1934 Ford custom to a 1987 Rolls-Royce – and a 1924 Unic in the museum was painted in bright colors back in the 1920s by famous French artist Sonia Delaunay, the first artist to decorate cars. Decorative human and animal skulls are another common motif, both incorporated into custom cars and mounted atop some of the dress models in a room full of gowns. Other dress dummies are topped by auto headlights.

All of the cars are interesting and most of them are very attractive – a couple are just weird. It was great to see some vintage foreign cars that one would be unlikely to find in the USA apart from some of the top concours events.  Some of the cars were a little hard to photograph because of uneven lighting or obstructions, but most of them were lit pretty well and were very accessible, with a fair amount of space between them which makes photography a lot easier.

Among the cars present during my visit, these stood out:

1909 Richmond Model J: One of only two surviving examples in the world, the car was manufactured in Richmond, Indiana, where the only other surviving example resides.

1914 American LaFrance racer: This racing car was built on a fire truck chassis and is the closest thing in the museum to a truck. This may be the only example in Europe, discovered in the 1960s by a British racing driver who was killed shortly afterward driving a Formula 1 car.

1916 Buick Model D44: Displayed with mannequins and luggage, it represents the arrival of the first tourists to Spain’s Costa del Sol (Sun Coast).

1923 Minerva Model 00 chauffeured limousine: This car cost more than a Rolls-Royce in its day. The rear panels are covered with wicker-like paneling and the interior ceiling in the passenger compartment is lined with silk. Minervas were made in Belgium and were the brand favored by the Belgian royal family.

1956 Chrysler Imperial C70 Crown limousine: Only 175 of these were made, intended for heads of state and other big shots. A Crown met Princess Grace when she arrived in Monaco, and another was the President of Portugal’s official car.

1939 Packard Twelve: This car is complete with a wooden “minibar” and glasses in the rear compartment.

1949 Delage 3-liter D6: To me, this car was the most beautiful one in the collection.  Philip Delage enlisted a couple of famous artists to make this car special, one of whom designed the crystal eagle radiator mascot. In addition to its beautiful lines and two-tone paint job, the car has ostrich leather upholstery and silver and ivory accents in the interior. It’s surprising to see right-hand drive on a French car, so perhaps this one was built for a British customer.

1938 French Talbot-Lago T23: This car was, in my opinion, the second-most attractive car in a collection full of good-looking autos.

Museo Automovilístico de Málaga

1936 Mercedes-Benz 540K, one of my favorite cars – only 419 were made.

Bugatti 1939 Model 57 Galibier, the only Bugatti in the collection.

1937 Peugeot 402 “Eclipse:” Preceding the Ford Skyliner by exactly 20 years, this Peugeot 402’s retractable hardtop gave it the name “Eclipse.” The roof system, which was used on a number of models, was designed by a dentist, Georges Paulin, who became chief stylist for Carrosserie Pourtout, Peugeot’s coachbuilder, and later was a designer for Rolls-Royce-Bentley.  Paulin became a British spy after the fall of France in World War II. He was betrayed and executed by the German occupation forces in 1942. The museum says this car was “buried” during World War II and was one of the most difficult restorations in the collection.

1932 Helicron: A prototype French car from 1932, the Helicron was powered by a surplus WW 1 airplane engine, and its design followed an aircraft motif.  A similar car is in the Lane Motor Museum collection in Nashville, TN.

1932 Rolls-Royce wood-bodied “shooting brake” or hunting car.

1932 Ford Model B hot rod: Notable in this example is the exquisite flame paint job and the golden, crystal-encrusted skull on the radiator cap (the museum seems to have a thing about skulls and Swarovski crystals).

Museo Automovilístico de Málaga

1938 Lincoln Zephyr custom: Note the placement of the exhaust pipe.

“La Bomba” (The Bomb): This custom hot rod was built by the museum staff. Very little information was provided about the car, including the original source, but it looks like the body was entirely custom-built and probably just the frame was recognizable from the original source.  I spent a long time looking at this car and took a lot of photos of it.  Every part of it was fascinating, from the custom wheels to the dual windscreens and headrests, the pointed rear bumper, and the huge blower on top of the engine.  The firewall had nothing attached to it at all, just a hole for the steering column.  I looked all over the open engine compartment for a battery and gave up. All the components in this area are mounted on the engine itself. Of course they had to put a skull on it too; in this case donated by some animal.

1934 Lancia Dilambda: This was one of Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini’s parade cars.  You can almost picture Il Duce standing in the back in his characteristic pose with upraised arm and his chin pointing toward the sky.

1939 Lancia Astura: It seems a lot more elegant and powerful than the earlier Lancia; this particular one was customized for an Italian countess by Pininfarina and included bottles of perfume and jars of makeup in the back seat.

1938 Panhard-Levassor: This French design takes fender skirts to a whole different level by incorporating them into the body fore and aft (must have been tough changing tires).  I love the paint job but I’m not sure about the skirts and the clunky-looking headlight screens. Note the three windshield wipers.

1930 Nash Ambassador Series 400: I loved the colors on this one. Other American cars from this period were a 1927 Paige Jewett sedan and a 1930 Pierce-Arrow convertible. The museum touted a 1931 Studebaker FD Commander as an example of the cars used by Chicago gangsters, which probably would be surprising to most Americans more accustomed to Lincolns, Cadillacs, Chryslers and Packards as typical gangster rides, especially in the movies.

German 1955 Fuldamobil S-1 and Czech 1967 Velorex 3-wheeler: These tiny cars are markedly different than the other museum cars of their period (for example, the ’55 Ford Thunderbird and ’55 Gullwing Mercedes-Benz) and would be quite at home in the Lane Motor Museum collection.  The Velorex reminded me of a child’s pedal car with a tarp, no doubt marketed as a “people’s car” during the period when that country was a “worker’s paradise.”

1929 Hotchkiss motor: This is only one example of the automotive “objets d’art” scattered around the museum.

 

Learn more at Museo Automovilistico y de la Moda

Images via Dick Williams

Written exclusively for automotivemuseumguide.com

By Dick Williams

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